Skin types are generally divided into 5 main groups or ‘’types’’. Dry, Normal, Oily, Combination and Sensitive. Identifying your skin type is important when using or deciding on skincare products, as each skin type has different needs. Skin types are largely determined by genetics however the overall health & condition of our skin is determined by various factors like how we take care of it, our lifestyle, medications, hormones and much more.
Sensitive skin may mean different things to different people. In general, this skin type is easily inflamed and irritated. It tends to react to numerous cosmetic products and can be prone to inflammation. Some individuals may have associated skin conditions such as eczema or Rosacea.
Normal/ Combination Skin
General characteristics of normal skin are well balanced, soft, supple, well-hydrated skin with no skin complaints. Some individuals may have a slight shine on the nose and forehead towards midday especially in the warmer months but overall the skin doesn’t feel too dry or too oily. Combination skin is identified differently by different people but the general understanding is that the skin type has more than one characteristic. Your skin can be dry in some places, oily in others, and can sometimes be sensitive at the same time. Most people fall into this category by having drier cheeks and an oily t-zone.
The skin feels tight and uncomfortable; and may appear rough and dull. This could be any person with constitutionally dry skin and pre-existing skin conditions or first signs of aging. Frequent exposure to extreme weather conditions can also contribute to dryness. Dry skin tends to lack lipids and struggles to retain water leading to impaired barrier function. Dry skin is commonly categorized as Dry (tight & rough), Very Dry (scaly & flaky), and Extremely Dry (cracks & calluses)
This skin type is characterised by constitutionally overactive sebaceous glands leading to excess sebum production and a shiny appearance particularly on the forehead, nose and chin with visible pores. Pregnancy, hormones and unsuitable cosmetic products may exacerbate the oily appearance.