Skin types include normal skin, dry skin, oily skin, combination skin and sensitive skin. A skin concern refers to a happening or occurrence to your skin that needs to be treated. Skin conditions include: acne prone-dry, acne prone-oily, ageing/fine lines, crow’s feet, dark circles, eczema prone, keratosis pilaris, large pores, mature/sun damaged, pigmentation/brown marks, redness/rosacea & sun spots etc.
‘Sun spots’ is a term often used to describe a whole range of skin lesions that occur over time with cumulative sun exposure. They usually occur in the background of mature sun-damaged skin. Sunspots most often refer to solar lentigines (sun-induced freckles), macular seborrhoeic keratoses (‘liver spots’), and seborrhoeic keratoses ( senile warts), which are all benign. However more sinister lesions may be mistaken for sunspots. It is advisable to visit a dermatologist for a skin examination so that precancerous and cancerous lesions will not be overlooked. Cosmeceuticals containing retinol, glycolic acids, and skin lighteners will help to reduce the appearance of solar lentigines and macular seborrhoeic keratoses.
Rosacea is a skin condition characterized by vascular hyperreactivity. This means that the blood vessels dilate easily leading to easy flushing of the skin in response to various stimuli. Redness may precede the development of acne-like lesions. This skin type is also sensitive to numerous cosmetic ingredients. Here are some recommended products for rosacea-prone skin with the benefit of anti-aging ingredients.
Post-acne marks/ Blemishes
These blemishes also known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are a common problem in acne sufferers and may take a long time to resolve naturally. Prescription treatment e.g. Retinoids , adapalene gel and azelaic acid which are frequently prescribed to treat acne may help these marks disappear. Cosmeceutical products with retinol , glycolic acid and skin lighteners will assist in re-establishing a more even skin tone. Please consult with a dermatologist for assessment and prescription acne medication if required.
Pigmentation/ Brown Marks
Hyperpigmentation of the skin is a common skin concern that affects more women than men. It is a bigger problem in darker skins where it is also the most difficult to treat. Melasma is a form of pigmentation where there is a genetic predisposition. Pigmentation can occur for the first time in pregnancy as a result of hormonal changes. Hormone treatments are also a common precipitant. Post-inflammatory pigmentation occurs secondary to skin conditions like acne and eczema or skin trauma. Sun exposure worsens all forms of pigmentation. There are numerous ingredients in cosmeceutical products that work synergistically to lighten and control pigmentation.
Mature/ Sun Damaged
This skin type typically develops after years of sun damage. The skin becomes hyperkeratotic and dry with a coarse texture. Wrinkles are deeper and the skin sags due to loss of elasticity. Dyspigmentation which includes brown sun spots and melasma is common. There may be broken and dilated veins. Precancerous lesions called solar keratoses could also be present. Visit your dermatologist for a skin examination for early detection and treatment of skin cancer. Skincare products will help with the appearance of ageing skin, but will not treat skin cancers.
Large pores are a common skin concern affecting both men and women. They may be present from an early age or develop later in life. Major causes of large pores are increased sebum production and skin ageing. Sebum production is genetically determined. Aging of the skin is associated with decreased elasticity of the skin which in turn makes pores more prominent. Skin care products containing retinol , salicylic acid and glycolic acids can help to reduce the appearance of large pores.
Keratosis pilaris is a genetic condition that can develop in early childhood and wax and wane throughout life. The commonest site is on the upper outer arms, but it could also be extensive involving the trunk, limbs, and face. Keratosis pilaris presents as tiny red or skin-colored bumps on the affected area. Creams containing urea, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, and lactic acid help to break down excess keratin and decrease the appearance of this condition.
Eczema is a common childhood skin problem that can persist into adulthood. Eczema-prone skin has a poor barrier function and is constitutionally dry. Gentle Poly Hydroxy Acids (PHAs), Vitamin C, and Vitamin E are a few of the ingredients found in skincare products that will moisturize and assist with barrier function while providing anti-aging benefits.
Periorbital darkening is common in people with darker skin complexions and is usually multifactorial. It can be a result of a genetic predisposition (Familial periorbital hyperpigmentation), eczema or allergies, and postinflammatory pigmentation. It can also be part of a more diffuse problem of pigmentation. With ageing and loss of periorbital fat, the underlying blood vessels may become visible contributing to the darkening. Laxity or sagging of the lower eyelid can also create a shadow effect. A good eye cream can help to lighten the appearance of the dark circles by reducing the pigment in the epidermis and firming and lifting the eyelid skin. Contributing medical and dermatological conditions will need to be treated.
The appearance of fine wrinkling around the eye area is often the first recognized sign of early aging. A good eye cream can help to thicken and plump up this delicate area and reduce the appearance of these lines.
Ageing/ Fine Lines
The first signs of aging are the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, rough dry skin, pigmentation, and sunspots. A well-tailored anti-aging skin care regimen can help slow the process of aging.
Acne Prone/ Dry Skin
Skin feels dry and sometimes taut. Acne lesions including blackheads and whiteheads, papules and pustules may be a frequent problem leading to a coarse and uneven complexion. Skin care products need to balance moisturising the skin without worsening acne. Please consult with a dermatologist for skin assessment and discuss if you will need prescription acne treatment.
Acne Prone/ Oily Skin
Skin tends to be oily with breakouts of acne lesions. These may include blackheads, papules and pustules. These recommended products will act as adjuvant therapy to alleviate these symptoms. Please consult with a dermatologist for skin assessment and discuss if you will need prescription acne treatment.